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The sights of Belarus
About country Belarus
The Republic of Belarus (Belarus) is located
in the Eastern part of Europe. In the West it borders on Poland, in the
North - West - Lithuania, in the North - Latvia, in the North - East and
East - Russia, in the South - Ukraine. Belarus is divided into six
regions (oblast): Brest oblast, Vitebsk oblast, Gomel oblast, Grodno
oblast, Minsk oblast and Mogilev oblast. The capital of Belarus is the
city of Minsk, which is the biggest political, economic, scientific and
cultural centre of the country. The population of Minsk is 1.729 million
The territory of Belarus is 207.6 thousand
square kilometres. The longest distance, 650 km, is from the West to the
East, and 560 km from the North to the South. By the size of its
territory, Belarus is bigger than, for instance, the territory of
Belgium, Portugal, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Greece, Austria.
The population of Belarus according to
preliminary data of population census on 14 October 2009 constituted
9.489 thousand people. The country's population is twice as big as
Finland's or Denmark's.
Representatives of more than 100 nationalities live
in Belarus. The majority of the population is represented by the
indigenous Belarusian nation constituting more than 3/4 of the entire
population. Significant numbers of Russians, Poles, Ukrainians and other
nationalities live in the Republic along with Belarusians.
The climate of Belarus is moderately continental with
mild and humid winter, warm summer and rainy autumn. The average
temperature in January is from - 4°C to - 8°C, in July it is from + 17°C
to + 19°C. The climatic conditions are favourable for growing staple
grain crops, vegetables, fruit trees and bushes and particularly for
The terrain of Belarus is predominantly low
hilly flat land. The average height above the sea level is 160 meters.
Agricultural lands occupy 45% of the territory, forests account for 36%
of the territory. There are more than 20 thousand rivers and creeks and
about 11 thousand lakes in Belarus. The biggest lake is Naroch (about 80
The plant kingdom .
The natural plant kingdom of Belarus occupies about 70% of the
Republic's territory. There are about 12 thousand species of plants. The
forests of Belarus are rich in valuable species of trees: pine tree,
spruce, oak, birch tree, aspen, alder. More than 200 species of plants
are protected by the State.