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The sights of Kazakhstan
Astana is the capital of the republic of Kazakhstan. It is the third
largest city in the country with population over 800 000. In 1999 Astana
was awarded a Prize of UNESCO "City of Peace”.
Geographical position and climate
Astana is the northernmost capital of Asia. The city is situated in
the central Kazakhstan on the banks of the Ishim River. It is located in
steppe and has an extreme continental climate – the summers here are
hot, while winters are very dry and cold. Astana is the second coldest
capital city in the world.
The city was founded in 1830 and its first name was Akmolinsk, then
in 1961 it was renamed Tselinograd. In 1992 the city’s name was changed
to Akmola. Akmola became the capital of Kazakhstan in 1997 and in 1998
the city received its present name Astana.
The economy of the city is based on trade, transport and
construction. It is a special economic zone. Astana is an important
centre for business and trade. The most important branches of industry
are food processing industry, mechanical engineering and production of
construction materials. The city is centre for culture, sport,
healthcare and education.
Astana is a beautiful modern city. The author of the Master Plan of
Astana is the famous Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. There are a lot
of modern futuristic buildings, skyscrapers and monuments. "Baiterek”
memorial is the symbol of Astana; it is also the geographical centre of
There are a lot of beautiful parks and fountains in Astana, the most
famous of which is "Tree of Life” fountain. In the city there are also
some theatres and museums, concert halls and trading and entertainment
centres. As Astana is the capital of the country there are government
buildings and the residence of the president.