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The sights of Russia
Sakhalin Region is unique because it is the only region in Russia,
situated on 59 islands. It comprises the island of Sakhalin and
surrounding small islands Moneron and Seals island, the Kuril
archipelago in and the Lesser Kuril Ridge. The area is washed by the
Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean. It borders on
the sea with the Kamchatka Territory, Khabarovsk Territory, and Japan.
Recreational resources, the purity, the presence of wild untouched
nature, rich and unique fauna and underwater life make the island one of
the most interesting places for tourists.
- Area: 87,100 sq. km.
- Population: 510,800 people
- The capital: Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
- Population: 188,907 people.
History of the Sakhalin island
The island got its name from the Manchu name of the Amur River -
"Sahalyan-ulla," which means "Black River" - the name was mistakenly
attributed to Sakhalin, and in subsequent publications was printed as
the name of the island.
In 1805 a Russian vessel, commanded by Krusenstern explored much of
the coast of Sakhalin Island, and concluded that the Sakhalin - the
peninsula. In 1808 the Japanese expedition, which was headed by Mamiya
and Matsuda Denzyuro Rindzo proved that Sakhalin is an island. Most
European cartographers were skeptical about it. Only in 1849, Admiral
Gennady Nevelskoy was able to pass between the island and the mainland,
having found a navigable strait, which was later named in his honor.
Soon, Sakhalin was annexed to Russia. In 1858 by decree of the imperial
government Sakhalin Island was a place of exile for forced labor and
used as a place of exile until 1906. In 1905, as a result of defeat in
the Russian-Japanese war, the southern part of Sakhalin was torn away in
Japan and was under its control until the end of World War II.
The present borders of the Sakhalin region were formed on the 2 of January, 1947 after the reunification with Russia.
Buity of the Sakhalin island
Sakhalin and the Kuril islands provide endless opportunities to
plunge into the world of unique and protected areas, which is why they
have always been attractive to tourists all year round. There is an
incredibly wide choice of routes: ethnographic, ecological, scientific,
skiing, hunting and fishing, extreme tours, dayfing, fishing, hunting,
Sakhalin area - an ideal place for fishing enthusiasts. There are
countless beautiful lakes, streams and rivers. River network density is
higher than the average in Russia. Fishing is available all year round.
You can visit the mountains of Waida- the largest in Sakhalin ancient reef formation.
Hot springs are waiting for tourists not only in the Kuriles, but
also in the north Noglinskom area of Sakhalin. In
Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsk region you can be in touch with the history of
the development of Sakhalin by the Russian people, the history of the
Russian prison on Sakhalin, which was not passed by the legendary
"Sonka, the Golden Hand." You can also know more facts about the
greatest Russian Writer Anton Chekhov, who was living on the island for a
The famous rock "Frog" Looks like the real frog. This is a unique
place of power, because if you concentrate, you can feel the tingling in
the fingers. Two kilometers away from the rocks is a beautiful 8-foot
waterfall. The road to the waterfall passes through the amazing places:
first through the steep bank, then through the Sakhalin "jungle" and the
virgin forest. You can even swim in the waterfall. The return trip goes
along the steep slope on which 800 years ago the earthquake was
scattered large boulders. Several years ago, this slope was visited by a
"space" guest - a meteorite that left behind a wide trail of fire.
After traveling is the feeling that you was in a "Far Far Away
During the traveling through the Kuril Islands, it is possible to
visit the huge botanical garden, to see the highest waterfall in Russia,
Ilya of Muromets (141 m), admire the volcanoes on the island which 150
(39 of them active). Island Moneron is beauty as seven wonders of the
world. Clear water from the waves in enclosed lagoons creates excellent
opportunities for diving. In the coastal reefs of the islands the are
breeding grounds of marine mammals - sea lions, spotted seals and
DonТt miss a chance and visit the unique places of our region and you
will have ungorgettable impression about the Sakhalin island, which
looks like fish